Beware new precedent set on Public Contract Awards

Risk of public contract award cancellations emphasised by Faraday ruling, leading to sharp rise in insurance.

CLS Risk Solutions, a leading MGA for legal indemnity and transactional property risk solutions, warns that successful challenges to public contract awards could be more likely following the Court of Appeal ruling in Faraday Development Ltd v West Berkshire Council last year. CLS has seen a ten-fold rise in enquiries for Public Procurement Indemnity Insurance since the ruling.

Procurement law requires public bodies (such as government departments, schools, and NHS Trusts) to follow strict procedures when awarding qualifying contracts. In certain circumstances, a public body’s award of a contract may entitle a third party to seek a ‘declaration of ineffectiveness’, which effectively cancels the contract. The procurement legislation does contain steps that can be taken to mitigate the risk of a declaration of ineffectiveness, including publication of a valid voluntary transparency notice (VTN) and contract award notice (CAN).

Until the decision in Faraday, no English court had ever awarded a declaration of ineffectiveness. Successful bidders and their advisers took some comfort from this and their ability to mitigate the risk of a declaration. The decision in Faraday, has knocked that confidence not only by declaring the contract awarded by West Berkshire Council ineffective, but also finding that the VTN published by the Council to be insufficiently clear and not detailed enough. In the judgement, the Court signalled the need for greater scrutiny of public bodies’ justifications for departing from procurement legislation.

Public Procurement Indemnity Insurance protects developers against the consequences of a successful challenge to the award of a contract, and as a result of the ruling, legal advice is now to insure the risk.

Developers now assess the period they might be at risk to be the 6 month time-frame for a challenge to be brought as opposed to the shorter standstill period that follows publication of a VTN or CAN. This 6 month ‘at-risk’ period could put successful bidders in danger of facing abortive costs and

becoming liable for contractual penalties. These losses could be greatly increased in the event that a declaration is granted, and a contract made ineffective.

Chris Gwynn, Lead Underwriter for Public Law Risks at CLS Risk Solutions, comments: “The Faraday case has set a precedent for the award of declarations of ineffectiveness in England and Wales and created much uncertainty for all those parties involved in awards and carrying out of public contracts. This is prompting a cautious approach from contractors, funders, and their advisers, which is stalling contractual negotiation and jeopardising projects.

“All of this is resulting in a much greater demand for Public Procurement Indemnity Insurance. CLS are leaders in the market for creating bespoke solutions for legal risks affecting property. Public Procurement Indemnity Insurance is typically arranged via brokers or lawyers, who now have a significant opportunity to support developers, and provide the necessary comfort for stakeholders to allow a development to proceed.”


For further information please contact: SJ Wrigley at Spotlight Consulting on 07909546104 or at

About CLS Risk Solutions

CLS Risk Solutions is a leading MGA creating and providing risk solutions for real estate development projects and transactions. Established in 2010, it is part of the successful CLS group with a turnover of circa £40m, employing 110 staff, with 7 businesses in 5 offices.

Its products include Legal Indemnities, Structural indemnities, Rights of Light Indemnities, Environmental Indemnities and Judicial Review/Planning Law Indemnities. Each product enables the client to define, quantify and transfer risk that is otherwise capable of frustrating the acquisition, funding, development or disposal of a real estate asset. CLS RS has an established reputation for innovation, expertise and service.

The CLS group includes seven interdependent businesses working in close collaboration:

– CLS Property Insight: a leading supplier of searches, insurance and data services to the UK property legal market

– CLS Data: Innovative solutions and products for the lender and surveying market

– Future Climate Info: Environmental Information market leader through progressive environmental data aggregation and supply

– Conveychoice: an exclusive platform for intermediaries to offer expert conveyancing services to clients through a panel of the most established property lawyers in the UK

– CLS Risk Solutions UK: a leading MGA for bespoke legal indemnity and transactional property risk solutions

– CLS Risk Solutions Europe: legal indemnities for renewable energy projects and real estate transactions in Europe

– CLS Group Services: One-stop service company for the CLS group companies and their commercial partners

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